Cover Crops

Individual Species

Avena sativa, Armor, Certified
Oats, Armor, Certified

Item #: AVESAT11 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $0.28/lb
Categories: , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual
Height: 1.0 – 4.0 Ft
Description: A cereal grain crop for animal and human consumption; a companion cover crop with a spring or fall seeding; matures quickly in hot weather and killed by freezing winter weather. ()

Avena sativa, Ogle
Oats, Ogle

Item #: AVESAT02 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $0.25/lb
Categories: , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual
Height: 1.0 – 4.0 Ft
Description: A cereal grain crop for animal and human consumption; a companion cover crop with a spring or fall seeding; matures quickly in hot weather and killed by freezing winter weather. ()

Avena sativa, Variety Not Stated
Oats, Variety Not Stated

Item #: AVESAT01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $0.22/lb
Categories: , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual
Height: 1.0 – 4.0 Ft
Description: A cereal grain crop for animal and human consumption; a companion cover crop with a spring or fall seeding; matures quickly in hot weather and killed by freezing winter weather. ()

Camelina sativa, 'Blaine Creek'
Camelina, ‘Blaine Creek’

Item #: CAMSAT03 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $4.00/lb
Categories: ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual/Biennial, Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Biennial
Height: 1.0 – 3.0 Ft
Description: A member of the mustard family; used for the production of culinary oils and biodiesel; very low requirements for fertility, tillage and weed control; the oil and meal are high in Omega 3 fatty acids; approved by the USDA for human, poultry and livestock consumption. ()

Camelina sativa, 'Suneson'
Camelina, ‘Suneson’

Item #: CAMSAT02 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $4.00/lb
Categories: ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual/Biennial, Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Biennial
Height: 1.0 – 3.0 Ft
Description: A member of the mustard family; used for the production of culinary oils and biodiesel; very low requirements for fertility, tillage and weed control; the oil and meal are high in Omega 3 fatty acids; approved by the USDA for human, poultry and livestock consumption. ()

Echinochloa crusgalli var. frumentacea
Japanese Millet

Item #: ECHCRU01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $1.20/lb
Categories: , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual
Height: 1.0 – 5.0 Ft
Description: Used for erosion control and as a fast-growing summer companion crop; seed in spring or summer; after growth, it can be flooded to a depth of 18" during waterfowl migration season; killed by heavy frost; provides food for wildlife and a favorite of waterfowl. ()

Echinochloa muricata
Barnyardgrass

Item #: ECHMUR01 Species Type: Native Cost: $20.00/lb
Categories: , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual
Height: Up to 5.0 Ft
Description: An excellent cover crop for moist and wet disturbed soils; Echinochloa crusgalli var. frumentacea (Japanese Millet) is a non-native substitute; provides food for songbirds and game birds. ()

Lolium multiflorum (L. perenne var. italicum)
Annual Ryegrass

Item #: LOLMUL01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $0.75/lb
Categories: ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual
Height: 1.0 – 4.0 Ft
Description: Provides quick protection against soil, wind and water erosion; used as a companion or cover crop where erosion is an immediate concern; frequently reseeds itself in disturbed areas. ()

Medicago sativa, VNS
Alfalfa, VNS

Item #: MEDSAT01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $3.00/lb
Categories: , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume
Height: 15.0 – 36.0 In
Description: A component of right-of-way mixes; grows quickly after mowing; good livestock and wildlife forage. ()

Melilotus officinalis
Yellow Blossom Sweetclover

Item #: MELOFF01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $2.20/lb
Categories: , , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Biennial Legume, Herbaceous Biennial Legume
Height: 2.0 – 6.0 Ft
Description: Builds soil organic matter on low-fertility sites; a source of nectar and pollen for honeybees. ()

Pisum arvense
Windham Winter Pea

Item #: PISARV02 Species Type: Cost: $1.00/lb
Categories: , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual Legume, Herbaceous Annual Legume

Description: ()

Raphanus sativus, 'GroundHog'
Radish, ‘GroundHog’

Item #: RAPSAT02 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $2.00/lb
Categories: ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual
Height: 2.0 – 3.0 Ft
Description: Seedlings can emerge as soon as three days after planting. ()

Secale cereale, 'Aroostook', Common
Grain Rye, ‘Aroostook’, Common

Item #: SECCER02 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $0.26/lb
Categories: ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual
Height: 2.0 – 5.0 Ft
Description: A winter companion or cover crop for erosion control; may be planted anytime of year, but preferably in the fall or winter as rye has a strong ability to grow in cold weather; also a cover crop for temporary pasture, haylage or green chop; conserves nitrogen and builds organic matter when seeded ()

Secale cereale, Variety Not Stated
Grain Rye, Variety Not Stated

Item #: SECCER01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $0.24/lb
Categories: ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual
Height: 2.0 – 5.0 Ft
Description: A winter companion or cover crop for erosion control; may be planted anytime of year, but preferably in the fall or winter as rye has a strong ability to grow in cold weather; also a cover crop for temporary pasture, haylage or green chop; conserves nitrogen and builds organic matter when seeded ()

Setaria italica
German (Foxtail) Millet

Item #: SETITA01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $1.00/lb
Categories: , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual
Height: 1.0 – 4.0 Ft
Description: Used as a cover crop and for pasture and haylage; a good supplemental hay for cattle and sheep; seed in spring or summer; provides food for wildlife. ()

Trifolium hybridum
Alsike Clover

Item #: TRIHYB01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $3.75/lb
Categories: , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume
Height: 2.0 – 4.0 Ft
Description: A winter-hardy legume; provides forage for domestic animals and food and cover for wildlife. ()

Trifolium incarnatum, Variety Not Stated
Crimson Clover, Variety Not Stated

Item #: TRIINC01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $2.75/lb
Categories: , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual Legume, Herbaceous Annual Legume
Height: 1.0 – 3.0 Ft
Description: An upright single-crown winter legume; used in pasture, hay and silage mixes as a winter companion or cover crop and for erosion control; builds nitrogen and organic matter; the crimson flowers bring early spring color to conservation plantings; seed in fall or early spring south of I-64; plow under ()

Trifolium repens, Dutch
White Clover, Dutch

Item #: TRIREP01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $3.80/lb
Categories: , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume
Height: Up to 1.0 Ft
Description: A good cover for erosion control; regrows after mowing or grazing; highly palatable as food for wildlife and domestic animals; provides food for honeybees. ()

Trifolium repens, Kopu II
White Clover, Kopu II

Item #: TRIREP04 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $5.00/lb
Categories: , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume
Height: Up to 1.0 Ft
Description: A good cover for erosion control; regrows after mowing or grazing; highly palatable as food for wildlife and domestic animals; provides food for honeybees. ()

Trifolium repens, Ladino
White Clover, Ladino

Item #: TRIREP02 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $3.80/lb
Categories: , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume
Height: Up to 1.0 Ft
Description: A good cover for erosion control; regrows after mowing or grazing; highly palatable as food for wildlife and domestic animals; provides food for honeybees. ()

Trifolium repens, New Zealand
White Clover, New Zealand

Item #: TRIREP03 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $3.80/lb
Categories: , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume, Herbaceous Perennial Legume
Height: Up to 1.0 Ft
Description: A good cover for erosion control; regrows after mowing or grazing; highly palatable as food for wildlife and domestic animals; provides food for honeybees. ()

Urochloa ramosa (Panicum ramosum)
Brown Top Millet

Item #: URORAM01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $0.90/lb
Categories: , , ,
Classification: Herbaceous Annual, Herbaceous Annual
Height: Up to 3.0 Ft
Description: Used for pasture, hay or wildlife forage; establishes quickly for erosion control; plant from May to August; matures in 60 days. ()

Vicia villosa
Hairy Vetch

Item #: VICVIL01 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $2.60/lb
Categories: ,
Classification: Herbaceous Biennial Legume, Herbaceous Biennial Legume
Height: 3.0 – 7.0 Ft
Description: Builds nitrogen and organic matter in fields and gardens; seed in early fall after row crop is harvested; likely to freeze at -30 degrees F. ()

Vicia villosa, 'Purple Bounty'
Hairy Vetch, ‘Purple Bounty’

Item #: VICVIL02 Species Type: Naturalized Cost: $3.60/lb
Categories: ,
Classification: Herbaceous Biennial Legume, Herbaceous Biennial Legume
Height: 3.0 – 7.0 Ft
Description: Builds nitrogen and organic matter in fields and gardens; seed in early fall after row crop is harvested; likely to freeze at -30 degrees F. ()

Search our Resources:

Pin It on Pinterest